According to Russian law, a lawsuit related to unauthorized trademark use is to be filed with a local Arbitration Court. The Court’s decision is appealable in the same locality to the Appeal Court, whose ruling can be further appealed to the Intellectual Property Court as a cassation instance.
Sojuzpatent has a broad experience in all aspects of trademark litigation, representing both claimants and defendants in various cases every year. On many occasions, we assists clients in settling disputes without litigation.
Is forum shopping available in patent/trademark litigation in Russia?
For most disputes related to patent invalidation/trademark cancellation, the venue is determined directly by Russian law. It is either the Federal executive authority in the sphere of intellectual property (Rospatent, the Chamber for Patent Disputes) or the Court for Intellectual Property Rights.
At the same time, in infringement lawsuits, forum shopping is possible when the claimant can name multiple persons as co-defendants (e.g., manufacturer/importer, wholesalers, and retailers). In such cases, the claimant has the option to choose with which territorial court to file their action.
Who can sign a power of attorney to be submitted to the RUPTO, EAPO, Russian courts?
The signer does not have to hold any specific position or to be an executive of a certain rank. However, his or her position should be clearly indicated in the PoA. The signer should be duly authorized to act on behalf of the company, not just assigned to oversee certain cases. It is normally requested that the documents that empower the signer be mentioned in the text of the power of attorney. If the signer deals on the basis of a proxy, the powers of the person who has signed the proxy may also be checked. It is highly advisable that all the corporate titles coincide in different documents. For example, if the proxy is signed by the Chairman of the Board of Directors and the official title of the person who can sign according to the bylaws is Director, the respective Court may not accept the documents without requesting further clarifications.
What compensation can a trademark owner claim from the infringer for the breach of intellectual property rights?
The trademark owner can choose to claim from the infringer damages or a compensation payment in an amount ranging from RUR 10,000 to 5,000,000 (the specific amount is to be determined by the court based on the infringement circumstances), or compensation in an amount equaling double the price of the goods illegally bearing the trademark, or compensation in an amount equaling double the cost of the right to use the trademark to be determined based on the cost of rightful use of the trademark normally applicable in comparable circumstances.
What kind of documents evidencing use of the trademark can the trademark owner present to the court?
Current legislation provides that a trademark can be terminated based on a non-use cancellation action filed by an interested party with the Intellectual Property Court in case the mark is not in use for a continuous period of 3 years.
In order to maintain legal protection of its trademark the owner should provide the court with proper evidence of use.
The following can be submitted as proof of use:
What are the usual reasons for a trademark registration refusal in Russia?
Apart from so-called relative grounds for refusal (likelihood of confusion with other rights protected in Russia), there are four basic (absolute) grounds for rejecting a trademark application, namely:
The most relevant and often used reasons for objecting to an application are that the trademark at issue lacks distinctiveness or is misleading.
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