Trademark invalidation

A registered Russian trademark may be challenged by any interested person:

  • on the basis of “absolute” grounds for refusal - during the whole trademark’s lifetime; and
  • on the basis of “relative” grounds - within five years from the publication date.

According to Russian law, a cancellation action based on absolute or relative grounds is to be filed with the Russian Patent and Trademark Office (Rospatent). The Rospatent decision is appealable to the Intellectual Property Court.

Sojuzpatent has decades of experience in all kinds of trademark disputes, representing either a trademark owner or an opposing party. In many cases, we help our clients to reach a favourable settlement.

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Russian Trademark invalidation
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In what way does a trademark differs from a trade name, a logo, or a brand? What does registration result in – a trademark, a logo, or a brand?

In what way does a trademark differs from a trade name, a logo, or a brand? What does registration result in – a trademark, a logo, or a brand?


The words “brand”, “logo”, “label”, etc. are colloquial terms often used as synonyms for a trademark (service mark). Russian law instead uses only one legal definition – trademark (service mark). Thus, the registration of a designation with the patent office results in a trademark.

A trademark (service mark) is a designation used for individualization of goods (or services) of business entities or individual entrepreneurs, the IP rights to which belong to the trademark owner and are evidenced by a trademark certificate. In Russia trademarks can not be initially registered in the name of natural persons (individuals).

Trademarks can be in the form of a word, design, combination, three-dimensional shapes, sound marks etc. The owner of the trademark can indicate that it is registered and protected in Russia by placing one of these designations next to the trademark:
“R”, ®, “trademark”, “registered trademark”.

Without the trademark owner's permission, nobody shall use designations which are identical to the trademark or designations that are similar to the trademark, in respect of the goods for individualization of which the trademark is registered, or homogenous goods, if such use may result in confusion of customers.


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Do foreign applicants need a Russian trademark attorney?

Do foreign applicants need a Russian trademark attorney?


It is mandatory according to Russian legislation that foreign applicants be represented before Rospatent (the RUPTO) by a Russian patent (trademark) attorney who is listed in the Russian Register of Patent Attorneys.

To be successfully guided through the intricacies of national regulation and to ensure the needed scope of protection, it is important for the applicant to retain an experienced attorney.


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Is forum shopping available in patent/trademark litigation in Russia?

Is forum shopping available in patent/trademark litigation in Russia?


For most disputes related to patent invalidation/trademark cancellation, the venue is determined directly by Russian law. It is either the Federal executive authority in the sphere of intellectual property (Rospatent, the Chamber for Patent Disputes) or the Court for Intellectual Property Rights.

At the same time, in infringement lawsuits, forum shopping is possible when the claimant can name multiple persons as co-defendants (e.g., manufacturer/importer, wholesalers, and retailers). In such cases, the claimant has the option to choose with which territorial court to file their action.

Should I send a warning letter before filing a trademark infringement lawsuit in Russia?

Should I send a warning letter before filing a trademark infringement lawsuit in Russia?

According to Russian IP legislation, in commercial disputes on IP rights infringements, a warning letter (cease-and-desist letter or CDL) is obligatory and should be forwarded to the infringer before filing the lawsuit in case the right owner desires to claim damages or compensation.

The lawsuit can be filed if the infringer fails to satisfy the claims contained in the warning letter within thirty days after its dispatch.

FILE A REQUEST

Can importers bring to Russia products made in foreign countries and marked with that product manufacturer’s trademark registered in Russia, without consent of the manufacturer for the import?

Can importers bring to Russia products made in foreign countries and marked with that product manufacturer’s trademark registered in Russia, without consent of the manufacturer for the import?


Importation of goods bearing a trademark protected in Russia into the territory of the Russian Federation without the consent of the trademark owner constitutes a breach of the Russian legislation currently in force.

For more information on parallel importation, please refer to the Legislation News section.

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