Patent registration in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan has the biggest population among all the post-Soviet Asian countries and therefore constitutes an important market for consumer goods. Moreover, the country has rich natural resources, including gold, uranium, copper, and gaz.

Uzbekistan is not a member of the Eurasian Patent Convention, therefore the only way to protect an invention is to apply for a national patent. Uzbek patent applications are filed with the Agency on Intellectual Property at the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan (www.ima.uz). The prosecution is conducted in the Uzbek or Russian language. NB! The possibility to file the application in the Russian language allows saving costs when filing parallel applications with other PTOs that accept filings in Russian: Eurasian Patent Office, Russian, Belorussian, or Kazakhstani Patent and Trademark Offices.

Uzbekistan participates in the main international IP conventions/agreements, such as the Paris Convention and the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). Therefore, patent filing limitations and requirements in Uzbekistan are consistent with generally accepted international practices.

UZBEK INVENTION PATENT

The patentability criteria include: novelty, an inventive step, and industrial applicability.

An Uzbek patent examination consists of formal examination (2 months from the filing date) and substantive examination (to be requested within 3 years of the filing date). Prosecution of an Uzbek patent application takes on average 2 - 3 years depending on the volume and complexity.

The patent validity term is 20 years. Uzbek inventions related to pharmaceuticals or pesticides may obtain an additional 5-year extension supported by an officially issued certificate.

Deadlines for filing a patent application in Uzbekistan are:

  • 12 months for applications claiming a conventional priority (if missed, this term can be reinstated within 2 months on providing documents corroborating the validity of the reason); and
  • 31 months for entry into a PCT national phase. This deadline, if missed, cannot be restored.

Exception to lack of novelty (the novelty grace period) in Uzbekistan is 6 months before the filing date.  A disclosure made during this period by the inventor or any other person receiving the information from the inventor or the applicant does not destroy novelty. The burden to prove the circumstances of disclosure lies within the applicant’s responsibility.

UZ patent costs depend on the volume of a patent application, namely the number of independent and dependent claims over 10, and the complexity of prosecution. Please provide us with the application particulars so we can calculate the filing costs.

Uzbek non-resident applicants are to be represented by local agents who are registered Uzbek patent attorneys. The power of attorney must be submitted in original:

  • on filing the patent application with the UZ PTO if the applicant is an individual; and
  • no later than two months after the filing if the applicant is a legal entity.

Legalization is not required.

Patent filling requirements in Uzbekistan:

  • Filing Request with applicant’s (applicants’) and inventor’s (inventors’) name(s)/title(s) and address(es);
  • the specification, claims, abstract, and figures (if any) in any language;
  • originally executed PoA for Uzbekistani non-resident applicants (for legal entities - to be filed within 2 months of submitting the application materials to the UZ PTO);
  • translation of the application materials into the Russian or Uzbek language (to be filed within 2 months of submitting the application materials to the UZ PTO);
  • if a priority is claimed, a certified copy of the priority document (to be submitted later, within 3 months of submitting the application materials to the UZ PTO). The priority document should be translated into the Uzbek or Russian language.

UZBEK UTILITY MODEL PATENT

A utility model patent protects mechanical devices that are novel and industrially applicable. The patent prosecution takes on average 1-2 years. The patent term of 5 years is calculated from the filing date; an additional 3 years of legal protection can be obtained upon request on condition that official fees are paid.

A utility model patent (instead of an invention patent) can be requested by the applicant when entering the PCT national stage.

Sojuzpatent will help you to file your patent applications with the Uzbekistani Patent Office in any technical field with assistance of reliable local agents and will help you professionally through each step of the examination and granting. Our attorneys will take on all the substantive issues in every field of art, our state-of-the-art docketing system will help to keep track of the due dates, and our trusted agents will ensure that all the formalities within the Patent Office are fulfilled. We also provide after-grant guidance on annuities, licenses, assignments, recordation of changes, legal enforcement, litigation, negotiations, mediation, and dispute resolution.

Featured specialist

Ms. Elena V. Mozhaeva, Senior associate, Head of Filing Group
Senior associate, Head of Filing Group
Patent registration in Uzbekistan
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FAQs

I own a valid Russian patent. What happens if it turns out that somebody has used my invention before my filing the application?

I own a valid Russian patent. What happens if it turns out that somebody has used my invention before my filing the application?


According to Article 1361 of the Russian Civil Code, the person who has in good faith used a solution identical to the patented invention before its priority date, retains the right to use the same solution without increasing the scope of its use (the right of prior use). Therefore, the patent holder is entitled to request from the said person that the volume of use not be increased.

It is important to note that if the other party is able to prove that prior use de facto represented public prior use/open use (which means, in general terms, that the solution has been disclosed to the public in sufficient details), there is a threat of the patent’s invalidation on the grounds of lack of novelty.


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Is it true that the examination request should be filed with the Eurasian patent office on the date the application is filed?

Is it true that the examination request should be filed with the Eurasian patent office on the date the application is filed?


This requirement (to file the request for substantive examination within the same time limit as the application) only applies to PCT Eurasian regional phase applications. For other types of applications, the examination request should be filed within 6 months of the date of publication of the patent application.


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Do I have to prove the legal interest for filing a nullity action against a Russian patent?

Do I have to prove the legal interest for filing a nullity action against a Russian patent?

According to Russian patent legislation, any person who became aware of violations of patent law can file an invalidation action to the Russian Patent office (or to the court in case the violation relates to the list of the inventors/applicants) during the term of validity of the patent. However, only a person having legal interest in invalidating the patent can file an invalidation request after the expiry of the patent.

Can Russian inventors file patent applications in foreign PTOs to receive patents for their inventions in foreign countries?

Can Russian inventors file patent applications in foreign PTOs to receive patents for their inventions in foreign countries?


Patent applications for inventions created in the Russian Federation can be filed in a foreign country (to an international patent organization) upon expiration of six months from the date of filing the respective application with the RUPTO, provided that within the indicated term the applicant is not notified of the fact that the application contains state secret data. Application for invention or utility model can be filed before the expiration of the above mentioned six month period in case the clearance for state secret data has been performed at the applicant's request.


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В чем отличия патента от know-how?

В чем отличия патента от know-how?


Право на изобретение (полезную модель) и право на секрет производства (ноу-хау) относятся к охраняемым законом правам на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности. Удостоверенное патентом исключительное право на изобретение (полезную модель) и исключительное право на ноу-хау позволяют монопольно использовать охраняемое решение, то есть извлекать выгоду из результатов творческого труда.

Вместе с тем, патентные права и право на секрет производства имеют существенные различия.

     1. Объект прав

Объектом исключительного права на ноу-хау могут являться любые сведения в научно-технической или организационной области.

Объект патентных прав на изобретение (полезную модель) – техническое решение, удовлетворяющее критериям патентоспособности.

     2. Способ осуществления прав

Возможность воспользоваться упомянутой выше законной монополией достигается прямо противоположными способами.

Невозможность для третьих лиц воспроизвести техническое решение в случае с know-how обеспечивается путем сохранения этого решения в тайне.

Напротив, запрет использования третьими лицами запатентованного технического решения достигается тем, что само решение делается доступным для всех, кто пожелает с ним ознакомиться. При этом опубликованный патент в обязательном порядке содержит сведения, которые позволят любому специалисту в соответствующей технической области, обладающему обычным уровнем квалификации, применить запатентованное решение и добиться заявленного технического результата. Государство, публикуя патент, тем самым сообщает, какие именно решения запрещается использовать без разрешения патентообладателя.

     3. Срок действия исключительного права

Монопольно использовать know-how можно сколь угодно долго, пока составляющие его сведения удается сохранить в тайне. Однако после того как они стали известны третьим лицам, право на секрет производства прекращается. Обладатель know-how при некоторых условиях может привлечь к суду лицо, виновное в разглашении секретных сведений, но восстановить монопольное использование секрета производства после того, как составляющие его сведения стали достоянием общественности, уже невозможно.

Патентная монополия действует 20 лет для изобретений (с возможностью продлить еще на пять лет в установленных законом случаях для патентов, относящихся к лекарственному средству, пестициду или агрохимикату) и 10 лет для полезных моделей. По истечении указанного срока изобретение (полезная модель) переходит в общественное достояние и любое лицо может использовать его без ограничений.


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