One of the largest countries in Eastern Europe, as well as one of the largest economies, Ukraine is an essential destination for innovators desiring to expand the market for their novel products. Accordingly, obtaining patent protection for their technical solutions in Ukraine is a must for most international players. Ukraine is not a member of such regional patent treaties as the European Patent Convention and the Eurasian Patent Convention and, therefore, the only way to obtain a patent is to file an application directly with the Ukrainian PTO – the Ukrainian Intellectual Property Institute (Ukrpatent).
Most international applicants seeking patent protection in Ukraine use the option provided by the Patent Cooperation Treaty and enter the PCT national phase. Many rights holders file Ukrainian patent applications claiming priority (under the Paris Convention) from earlier applications filed abroad.
In general, the Ukrainian patent system complies with common international approaches. In accordance with Ukrainian legislation, a result of a person’s intellectual activity in any technical field may be recognized as an invention if it meets standard patentability criteria and relates to a product (substance, device, microorganism strain, animal cell, plant culture), a process, a use of a product and/or a method for a new purpose.
The patentability criteria are: novelty, inventiveness, and industrial applicability.
The prosecution is conducted in Ukrainian language only. An applicant should bear in mind that translation into the Ukrainian language from Russian is usually less expensive than that from other widely used languages (including PCT languages). Therefore, it may help to save translation costs if the applicant simultaneously files applications with other PTOs that accept filings in Russian: the Eurasian Patent Office, the Russian, Belorussian, or Kazakhstani Patent and Trademark Offices.
Ukrainian patent examination consists of formal (2-3 months from the filing date) and substantive examinations (to be requested within 3 years calculated from the filing date). Prosecution of a Ukrainian patent application takes on average 2 - 3 years depending on the volume of the application materials and complexity of examination.
Ukrainian patent validity is 20 years. Ukrainian inventions related to pharmacy and/or animal and plant protection requiring a special permit from a Ukrainian governmental body may obtain an additional five year extension supported by an officially issued certificate.
UA patent costs depend on the volume of the application materials and the complexity of prosecution. Please provide us with application particulars so we can calculate and provide filing costs.
Deadlines for filing a patent application in Ukraine are:
The exception to lack of novelty (novelty grace period) in Ukraine is 12 months from the first disclosure made by the inventor or any other person receiving the information from the inventor directly or indirectly.
Ukrainian non-resident applicants must be represented by local agents who are registered Ukrainian patent attorneys. The power of attorney must be submitted in original along with the filing, but not later than 2 months after the patent application is filed with Ukrpatent. Legalization is not required.
Patent filing requirements in Ukraine:
A UKRAINIAN UTILITY MODEL PATENT protects the same subject matter as an invention patent, i.e. a product, a process, or a new use thereof. The examination is formal. Patentability requirements: novelty and commercial applicability (may be put under examination on the applicant’s or another party’s voluntary request).
A utility model patent (instead of an invention patent) can be requested by the applicant when entering the PCT national stage.
Sojuzpatent will help you to file your patent applications with the Ukrainian Patent Office in any technical field with assistance of reliable local agents and will help you professionally through each step of the examination and granting. Our attorneys will take on all the substantive issues in every field of art, our state-of-the-art docketing system will help to keep track of the due dates, and our trusted agents will ensure that all the formalities within the Patent Office are fulfilled. We also provide after-grant guidance on annuities, licenses, assignments, recordation of changes, legal enforcement, litigation, negotiations, mediation, and dispute resolution.
Does the Russian Patent Office require metric units in patent applications?
Although in the RUPTO regulation there is a mention that preferably metric units should be used in Russian invention patent applications, there is no prohibition to use imperial or US customary units.
Do Russian and Eurasian patent procedures include a provision for deferred examination?
Patent examination in Rospatent can be initiated within 36 months from the date of filing the patent application (for PCT national phase applications – from the international filing date).
In EAPO, the examination request can be filed within 6 months starting from the publication of the application (the publication takes place in 18 months calculated from the filing of the application or from the priority date if a priority has been claimed); however, this deferral does not apply to Eurasian PCT regional phase applications for which the examination request should be filed simultaneously with filing the patent application.
Do I have to prove the legal interest for filing a nullity action against a Russian patent?
According to Russian patent legislation, any person who became aware of violations of patent law can file an invalidation action to the Russian Patent office (or to the court in case the violation relates to the list of the inventors/applicants) during the term of validity of the patent. However, only a person having legal interest in invalidating the patent can file an invalidation request after the expiry of the patent.
How can I transfer the Russian part of an international patent application (PCT) and of a Eurasian patent (application)?
The Russian part of a PCT application (as any Russian patent or patent application) can be transferred/assigned to another party on the base of an agreement between the parties (the recordation of the transfer of rights under a Russian patent takes about two months within the RUPTO plus preparation work).
A transfer/assignment of a Eurasian patent (patent application) can only take place with regard to all the contracting states (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan). Therefore, if the patent holder intends to transfer their patent rights with regard to Russia only, they will be unable to do so as long as the Eurasian patent is maintained in force in other countries. (And even if the patent holder has recently stopped paying annuities for some countries, the 3-year reinstatement right would be transferred together with the Eurasian patent).
Do foreign applicants need a Russian or Eurasian attorney?
It is mandatory according to Russian legislation that foreign applicants be represented before Rospatent (RUPTO) by a Russian patent attorney who is listed in the Russian Register of Patent Attorneys.
Similarly, for prosecution of a Eurasian patent application, applicants having no residence or principal place of business in the territory of any State party to the Eurasian Convention are required to be represented by a registered Eurasian patent attorney.
To be successfully guided through the intricacies of national and regional regulation and to ensure the widest possible scope of protection, it is important for the applicant to retain an experienced patent attorney skilled in the specific technical field.
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