Patent protection in other neighboring countries

Patent protection in all post-Soviet countries not mentioned in the specific sections can be obtained:

  • directly, by filing an application with the respective Patent Offices, or
  • through one of the two regional patent conventions – the European Patent Convention (EPC) or Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPC).

Many international applicants choose this second route, especially for the two countries that do not allow the direct entry of PCT applications into a national phase (Latvia and Lithuania).

The list of countries where a European patent can be validated:

  • Estonia,
  • Latvia,
  • Lithuania,
  • Moldova*.

The countries – members of the EAPC:

  • Armenia,
  • Azerbaijan,
  • Kyrgyzstan,
  • Tajikistan,
  • Turkmenistan.

Sojuzpatent, through a network of trusted agents, helps its clients with:

  • filing patent applications directly with the national PTOs (including a PCT entry into a national stage),
  • filing a Eurasian patent application, which covers the mentioned countries,
  • validating a European patent in the respective states.

*Validating a European patent in Moldova is available, although the country is not a member of the EPC.

Featured specialist

Dr. Tamara S. Fomicheva, Deputy Managing Partner <br />Head of Patent Department
Deputy Managing Partner
Head of Patent Department
Patent protection in other neighboring countries
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FAQs

What is the deadline for filing a divisional application in Ukraine?

Unlike Russian or Eurasian patent rules (under which a divisional application can be filed before the patent registration or before the lapse of the period allowed for challenging the refusal decision), Ukrainian legislation allows filing a divisional application only before the decision on the initial application is issued (decision of grant or refusal). This limitation is often a stumbling point for applicants familiar with Russian and Eurasian patent regulations.

Do Russian and Eurasian patent procedures include a provision for deferred examination?

Do Russian and Eurasian patent procedures include a provision for deferred examination?


Patent examination in Rospatent can be initiated within 36 months from the date of filing the patent application (for PCT national phase applications – from the international filing date).

In EAPO, the examination request can be filed within 6 months starting from the publication of the application (the publication takes place in 18 months calculated from the filing of the application or from the priority date if a priority has been claimed); however, this deferral does not apply to Eurasian PCT regional phase applications for which the examination request should be filed simultaneously with filing the patent application.


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Can I get a patent term extension in Russia?

Can I get a patent term extension in Russia?


In case more than five years have lapsed between the filing date of an application for an invention related to a medication, pesticide or agrochemical product (if its use requires authorization) and the date of the first marketing authorisation, the term of the patent shall be extended upon request of the patent owner by the Russian Patent and Trademark office. The term shall be extended for the period computed from the filing date of the patent to the date of the first authorisation minus five years, with the proviso that the term of the patent may not be extended for a period exceeding five years.

The request for extension of the term should be submitted by the patent owner during the term of the patent’s validity within six months after obtaining the first authorisation or of the patent grant, whichever comes last.


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Can I use arguments for invalidity as a defense in an infringing action brought in Russia by the patent’s owner?

Can I use arguments for invalidity as a defense in an infringing action brought in Russia by the patent’s owner?


The defendant in a patent infringement case brought to a Russian court can challenge the patent validity. However, since the Russian patent system is bifurcated, the defendant cannot assert invalidity of the patent in question to the infringement court, but has to initiate a separate proceeding at the Chamber for Patent Disputes in the Russian Patent and Trademark Office. Accordingly, infringement and invalidity of the patent at issue will be examined in separate proceedings.

The court judgment on the infringement suit is appealable to a local court of appeals and the appeal decision comes into force immediately. The decision of the court of appeals can be challenged before the Court for intellectual property rights as a cassation instance.

The decision of the Chamber for Patent Disputes on the patent’s validity is appealable to the Court for intellectual property rights, and its decision can be challenged before the Presidium of the same Court as a cassation instance.

Therefore, a judgment by an infringement court may come earlier than that by the Chamber for Patent Disputes, and an injunction could be enforced by a patentee even if the patent is invalidated later on.


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Can the applicant file voluntary amendments during the processing of a Russian invention patent application?

Can the applicant file voluntary amendments during the processing of a Russian invention patent application?


It goes without saying that an applicant can file amendments to the application in response to an office action. In addition, he or she has an opportunity to file voluntary amendments (irrespective of received office actions) once, at any time after receiving the search report.


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