Patent protection in other neighboring countries

Patent protection in all post-Soviet countries not mentioned in the specific sections can be obtained:

  • directly, by filing an application with the respective Patent Offices, or
  • through one of the two regional patent conventions – the European Patent Convention (EPC) or Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPC).

Many international applicants choose this second route, especially for the two countries that do not allow the direct entry of PCT applications into a national phase (Latvia and Lithuania).

The list of countries where a European patent can be validated:

  • Estonia,
  • Latvia,
  • Lithuania,
  • Moldova*.

The countries – members of the EAPC:

  • Armenia,
  • Azerbaijan,
  • Kyrgyzstan,
  • Tajikistan,
  • Turkmenistan.

Sojuzpatent, through a network of trusted agents, helps its clients with:

  • filing patent applications directly with the national PTOs (including a PCT entry into a national stage),
  • filing a Eurasian patent application, which covers the mentioned countries,
  • validating a European patent in the respective states.

*Validating a European patent in Moldova is available, although the country is not a member of the EPC.

Featured specialist

Ms. Elena V. Mozhaeva, Senior associate, Head of Filing Group
Senior associate, Head of Filing Group
Patent protection in other neighboring countries
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FAQs

Can Russian inventors file patent applications in foreign PTOs to receive patents for their inventions in foreign countries?

Can Russian inventors file patent applications in foreign PTOs to receive patents for their inventions in foreign countries?


Patent applications for inventions created in the Russian Federation can be filed in a foreign country (to an international patent organization) upon expiration of six months from the date of filing the respective application with the RUPTO, provided that within the indicated term the applicant is not notified of the fact that the application contains state secret data. Application for invention or utility model can be filed before the expiration of the above mentioned six month period in case the clearance for state secret data has been performed at the applicant's request.


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Do I have any protection after publication of a Russian patent application and before the grant of the patent?

Do I have any protection after publication of a Russian patent application and before the grant of the patent?


As in most patent jurisdictions, an applicant receives in Russia provisional legal protection of his or her rights during the period between the publication of the patent application and the publication of the granted patent (Article 1392 of the Russian Civil Code).

Any third party having used the invention during the said period shall pay to the patent holder a reasonable compensation. If the parties do not agree about the amount of the compensation, the same should be defined by the court. It is important to understand that the right holder can bring a legal action against such a third party only after the registration and publication of the patent.


I own a valid Russian patent. What happens if it turns out that somebody has used my invention before my filing the application?

I own a valid Russian patent. What happens if it turns out that somebody has used my invention before my filing the application?


According to Article 1361 of the Russian Civil Code, the person who has in good faith used a solution identical to the patented invention before its priority date, retains the right to use the same solution without increasing the scope of its use (the right of prior use). Therefore, the patent holder is entitled to request from the said person that the volume of use not be increased.

It is important to note that if the other party is able to prove that prior use de facto represented public prior use/open use (which means, in general terms, that the solution has been disclosed to the public in sufficient details), there is a threat of the patent’s invalidation on the grounds of lack of novelty.


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Can one and the same person hold Russian and Eurasian patents based on the same priority application?

Can one and the same person hold Russian and Eurasian patents based on the same priority application?


Yes, Russian and Eurasian patents based on the same priority application may coexist with slightly different or even identical sets of claims. However, it is important to note that a Eurasian patent covers eight countries, including the Russian Federation (in case of timely payment of patent annuities in the relevant countries). That is why obtaining both Russian and Eurasian patents based on the same priority application is usually redundant and it entails additional rightholder expenses connected with filing, prosecution and then maintaining the patent in force. However, this may prove practical for specifically important inventions in respect of which the risk of opposition is very high.


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В чем отличия патента от know-how?

В чем отличия патента от know-how?


Право на изобретение (полезную модель) и право на секрет производства (ноу-хау) относятся к охраняемым законом правам на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности. Удостоверенное патентом исключительное право на изобретение (полезную модель) и исключительное право на ноу-хау позволяют монопольно использовать охраняемое решение, то есть извлекать выгоду из результатов творческого труда.

Вместе с тем, патентные права и право на секрет производства имеют существенные различия.

     1. Объект прав

Объектом исключительного права на ноу-хау могут являться любые сведения в научно-технической или организационной области.

Объект патентных прав на изобретение (полезную модель) – техническое решение, удовлетворяющее критериям патентоспособности.

     2. Способ осуществления прав

Возможность воспользоваться упомянутой выше законной монополией достигается прямо противоположными способами.

Невозможность для третьих лиц воспроизвести техническое решение в случае с know-how обеспечивается путем сохранения этого решения в тайне.

Напротив, запрет использования третьими лицами запатентованного технического решения достигается тем, что само решение делается доступным для всех, кто пожелает с ним ознакомиться. При этом опубликованный патент в обязательном порядке содержит сведения, которые позволят любому специалисту в соответствующей технической области, обладающему обычным уровнем квалификации, применить запатентованное решение и добиться заявленного технического результата. Государство, публикуя патент, тем самым сообщает, какие именно решения запрещается использовать без разрешения патентообладателя.

     3. Срок действия исключительного права

Монопольно использовать know-how можно сколь угодно долго, пока составляющие его сведения удается сохранить в тайне. Однако после того как они стали известны третьим лицам, право на секрет производства прекращается. Обладатель know-how при некоторых условиях может привлечь к суду лицо, виновное в разглашении секретных сведений, но восстановить монопольное использование секрета производства после того, как составляющие его сведения стали достоянием общественности, уже невозможно.

Патентная монополия действует 20 лет для изобретений (с возможностью продлить еще на пять лет в установленных законом случаях для патентов, относящихся к лекарственному средству, пестициду или агрохимикату) и 10 лет для полезных моделей. По истечении указанного срока изобретение (полезная модель) переходит в общественное достояние и любое лицо может использовать его без ограничений.


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