Patent registration in Georgia

Strategically located on the border between Europe and Asia, Georgia is, nevertheless, not a member of the regional patent treaties (the European Patent Convention and the Eurasian Patent Convention); accordingly, the only way to obtain patent protection is to file an application directly with the Georgian PTO – the National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia (Sakpatenti).

At the same time, Georgia participates in major worldwide IP conventions/agreements (such as the 1883 Paris Convention and the Patent Cooperation Treaty – PCT). Therefore, an applicant has the possibility to claim priority from an earlier foreign patent application (the Paris route) or enter the PCT national phase. Patent filing limitations and requirements in Georgia are consistent with generally accepted international practices.

Prosecution is conducted in the Georgian language only.

GEORGIAN INVENTION PATENT

Georgian patent examination consists of formal (2 months from the filing date) and substantive examinations (to be requested within 2 months after the completion of the formal examination). Prosecution of a Georgian patent application takes on average 1.5 - 3 years, depending on the volume of the application materials and the complexity of examination.

The Georgian patent term is 20 years; it can be extended by an additional 5 years for Georgian pharmaceutical inventions.

GE patent costs depend on the volume of the patent application, including the number of independent claims. Please provide us with the application particulars so we can calculate the filing costs.

Deadlines for filing a patent application in Georgia are:

  • 12 months for claiming conventional priority (the term may be restored within two months if missed unintentionally); and
  • 31 months for a PCT entry into the Georgian national stage(may be restored within two months under “due care” and “unintentional delay” criteria upon payment of a prescribed fee).

Exception to lack of novelty (novelty grace period) in Georgia is 12 months from the first disclosure done before the filing (priority) date 1) by the inventor or his legal successor; 2) to a third party confidentially; 3) by an act of bad faith against the inventor or his legal successor.

Georgian non-resident applicants must be represented by local agents who are registered Georgian patent attorneys. Powers of attorney must be provided in original within 2 months after the patent application has been filed with Sakpatenti.

Patent filing requirements in Georgia:

  • Filing Request with applicant’s (applicants’) and inventor’s (inventors’) name(s)/title(s) and address(es);
  • the specification, claims, abstract, and figures (if any) in any language;
  • originally executed PoA for Georgian non-resident applicants (to be filed within 2 months of submitting the application materials to the GE PTO); no legalization is required;
  • assignment from the inventor to the applicant (to be filed within 2 months of submitting the application materials to the GE PTO);
  • translation of the application materials into the Georgian language (to be filed within 2 months of submitting the application materials to the GE PTO);
  • if a priority is claimed, a certified copy of the priority document (to be submitted later, within 16 months of the priority date).

A GEORGIAN UTILITY MODEL PATENT relates to the same subject matter as an invention patent, i.e. a product, a process, or a new use thereof. The main difference is that a Georgian utility model should only have one independent claim. Only local novelty is checked during the substantive examination, which is carried out within a month of the completion of the formal examination. On average, obtaining a utility model patent may take one year.

A utility model patent (instead of an invention patent) can be requested by the applicant when entering the PCT national stage.

Sojuzpatent will help you to file your patent applications with the Georgian Patent Office in any technical field with assistance of reliable local agents and will help you professionally through each step of the examination and granting. Our attorneys will take on all the substantive issues in every field of art, our state-of-the-art docketing system will help to keep track of the due dates, and our trusted agents will ensure that all the formalities within the Patent Office are fulfilled. We also provide after-grant guidance on annuities, licenses, assignments, recordation of changes, legal enforcement, litigation, negotiations, mediation, and dispute resolution.

Featured specialist

Ms. Elena V. Mozhaeva, Senior associate, Head of Filing Group
Senior associate, Head of Filing Group
Patent registration in Georgia
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FAQs

Is it mandatory to request a substantive examination in Georgia and what is the deadline for filing the request?

Under Georgian patent regulation, it is mandatory to request a substantive examination. As soon as the formal examination is completed, the applicant receives a notification. The request for a substantive examination should be filed within two months after receiving the notification.

Do Russian and Eurasian patent offices require annual payments for keeping patent applications in force?

Do Russian and Eurasian patent offices require annual payments for keeping patent applications in force?


No annuities are due either in the Russian Patent and Trademark Office or in the Eurasian Patent Office while the patent application is pending.

According to Russian IP law, the first accumulative annuities should be paid together with the grant and registration fee, starting from the 3rd year for Russian invention patents and from the 1st year for Russian utility model patents. The due date is counted from the date of filing the application (international filing date for PCT national phase applications).

The year from which the annuities for a Eurasian patent should be calculated depends on the national rules of each respective country and varies for different countries (1st, 2nd, or 3rd year).


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How can I invalidate a Eurasian patent?

How can I invalidate a Eurasian patent?


Within 6 months of the publication of the mention of the grant of a Eurasian patent, any person (non-residents of any contracting state – through a registered Eurasian patent attorney) can file an opposition against the grant of the Eurasian patent to the Eurasian Patent Office. After the 6-month period has expired, the Eurasian patent can be invalidated separately in each of the contracting states according to the national procedures. In Russia, for example, the nullity action, in most cases, should be filed with the Russian PTO, the decision of which is appealable to the Court for Intellectual Property Rights.


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Can the applicant file voluntary amendments during the processing of a Russian invention patent application?

Can the applicant file voluntary amendments during the processing of a Russian invention patent application?


It goes without saying that an applicant can file amendments to the application in response to an office action. In addition, he or she has an opportunity to file voluntary amendments (irrespective of received office actions) once, at any time after receiving the search report.


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В чем отличия патента от know-how?

В чем отличия патента от know-how?


Право на изобретение (полезную модель) и право на секрет производства (ноу-хау) относятся к охраняемым законом правам на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности. Удостоверенное патентом исключительное право на изобретение (полезную модель) и исключительное право на ноу-хау позволяют монопольно использовать охраняемое решение, то есть извлекать выгоду из результатов творческого труда.

Вместе с тем, патентные права и право на секрет производства имеют существенные различия.

     1. Объект прав

Объектом исключительного права на ноу-хау могут являться любые сведения в научно-технической или организационной области.

Объект патентных прав на изобретение (полезную модель) – техническое решение, удовлетворяющее критериям патентоспособности.

     2. Способ осуществления прав

Возможность воспользоваться упомянутой выше законной монополией достигается прямо противоположными способами.

Невозможность для третьих лиц воспроизвести техническое решение в случае с know-how обеспечивается путем сохранения этого решения в тайне.

Напротив, запрет использования третьими лицами запатентованного технического решения достигается тем, что само решение делается доступным для всех, кто пожелает с ним ознакомиться. При этом опубликованный патент в обязательном порядке содержит сведения, которые позволят любому специалисту в соответствующей технической области, обладающему обычным уровнем квалификации, применить запатентованное решение и добиться заявленного технического результата. Государство, публикуя патент, тем самым сообщает, какие именно решения запрещается использовать без разрешения патентообладателя.

     3. Срок действия исключительного права

Монопольно использовать know-how можно сколь угодно долго, пока составляющие его сведения удается сохранить в тайне. Однако после того как они стали известны третьим лицам, право на секрет производства прекращается. Обладатель know-how при некоторых условиях может привлечь к суду лицо, виновное в разглашении секретных сведений, но восстановить монопольное использование секрета производства после того, как составляющие его сведения стали достоянием общественности, уже невозможно.

Патентная монополия действует 20 лет для изобретений (с возможностью продлить еще на пять лет в установленных законом случаях для патентов, относящихся к лекарственному средству, пестициду или агрохимикату) и 10 лет для полезных моделей. По истечении указанного срока изобретение (полезная модель) переходит в общественное достояние и любое лицо может использовать его без ограничений.


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